Yellow Birch : References

Bartlett Tree Experts. (2014). Map Display - ArborScope. Map Display - ArborScope.

Bourque, C. A., Cox, R. M., Allen, D. J., Arp, P. A., & Fan-Rui, M. (2005). Spatial extent of winter thaw events in eastern North America: historical weather records in relation to yellow birch decline. Global Change Biology, 11(9), 1477-1492. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00956.x

The Crooked Chimney. (2014). Word Press.

Erdmann, G. G (2014) "Yellow Birch." Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry (USDA), (2).

Fern, K. (1955-2010). Betula allegehaniensis- Britton. Plants for a Future.

Harlow, W., & Harrar, E. (1968). Textbook of dendrology, covering the important forest trees of the United States and Canada (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hilty, J. (2009-2014). Yellow birch. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of Illinois.

Jackson, H. (1891). September. In A calendar of sonnets. Boston: Roberts Bros

Meier, E. (2014). Yellow birch. The Wood Database (lumber identification).

Nesom, G. (2006). Yellow birch, betula alleghaniensis Britt. USDA NRCS Plant Guide. 

Pesaturo, J. (2014). Wintergreen extract from birch. One Acre Farm.

Randall, J., Eisberry, C., Sandoval-Green, C. (2012). Tree identification: yellow birch(Betula Alleghaniensis). ISU Forestry Extension, Iowa State University.

The Hiker’s Notebook(2014). Sierra Club.

University of Michigan. (2003). Yellow birch. Native American Ethnobotany.

Walker, L. (1984). Forests to Fine Furniture: The Northern Hardwoods. In Trees: An Introduction to Trees and Forest Ecology for the Amateur Naturalist (pp. 271-280). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.