White Spruce : References

Bartlett Tree Experts. (2014). UVM. Map Display - ArborScope.

Connor, S. (1994). New England Natives. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. (p 6-8)

Griesbauer, H. P. & Green, D. (2012). Geographic and temporal patterns in white spruce climate–growth relationships in Yukon, Canada [electronic resource]. Forest Ecology And Management, 267215-227.

Harlow, W. & Harrar, E. (1958) Textbook of Dendrology: Covering the Important Forest Trees of the United States and Canada. McGraw-Hill, Inc. 

Moerman, D. (2003) Native American Ethnobotany. University of Michigan.  Retrieved October 29, 2014.

Nienstaedt, H., & Zasada, J. (n.d.). Picea glauca (Moench) Voss. Picea glauca (Moench) Voss. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

Picea glauca. (n.d.). Plants For A Future. Retrieved October 10, 2014.

Selection and Care of Christmas Trees. (n.d.). Missouri Botanical Garden. William T. Kemper Center for Home Gardening.Retrieved November 2, 2014.

South Dakota State Tree. (2012). South Dakota Department of Agriculture. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

The Ecology of the Boreal White and Black Spruce Zone. (n.d.). British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Retrieved November 1, 2014.

Uchytil, Ronald J. (1991) Picea glauca. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online].  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer).  Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [2014, October 28].

Walker, L. (1984). Trees: An Introduction to Trees and Forest Ecology for the Amateur Naturalist. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc. (p 97, 102)

What is the Boreal Forest? (January 2006). IMBD Explores a Wilderness Treasure. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

White Spruce: Plant Guide. (n.d.). United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Services. Retrieved September 21, 2014.

White Spruce. (n.d.). The Wood Database. Retrieved October 12, 2014.